1. Partner institutions
La Communauté Université Grenoble Alpes
The Community of Universities and Institutions (COMUE) “Communauté Université Grenoble Alpes” is the structure that brings together the higher education institutions and research organisations* of the Grenoble Academy, whose scope extends over the entire Alpine furrow, from Valence to Annecy. It ensures the pooling of services such as the development and maintenance of the university domain, the construction and extension of new buildings, the reception and support of students. It also carries out research and training missions through the doctoral college, and its 14 schools, but also its 6 research centres. COMUE also runs the IDEX project “Université Grenoble Alpes : université de l’innovation”. This prestigious label, obtained in January 2016, strengthens the Grenoble Alpes site in its dynamic of integrating higher education and research to become a world-class university. * Member institutions: Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble INP, CNRS, Inria; and associated institutions: Université Savoie Mont-Blanc, Sciences Po Grenoble, ENSAG, CE.
L’Université Grenoble Alpes
The result of the merger on 1 January 2016 of the universities Joseph Fourier, Pierre-Mendès-France and Stendhal, the Université Grenoble Alpes is a major player in higher education and research in France. In an increasingly competitive world, the new institution aims to better meet all the challenges posed to universities by today’s and tomorrow’s world, and to be even more visible and attractive internationally. It is thus becoming a world-class institution with the ambition of attracting the best students, teachers and teacher-researchers. Thanks to its 80 laboratories and its six-cluster structure, research at the University of Grenoble Alpes is becoming more interdisciplinary in order to be at the forefront of innovation. Its training offer, divided into four main fields, now covers all disciplinary fields: Arts, literature, languages; Law, economics, management; Human and social sciences; Science, technology and health. The merged university is now able to offer its 45,000 students cross-functional training, facilitate bridges between degrees and build its training courses in close collaboration with the socio-professional community to promote the integration of its students.
2. Authors’ reference institutions
Agroécologie – Dijon
The Dijon Agroecology Research Unit brings together researchers and research professors from INRA, the University of Burgundy and AgroSup Dijon. This UMR is the result of the merger of several INRA research units focused on Microbiology and Microbial Ecology of Soils, Genetics and Crop Plant Improvement, Ecology and Weed Control in Cultivated Systems, Plant Pathology. The research developed within the UMR aims to advance the knowledge of biotic interactions (in particular plant-plants and plant-microorganisms) within agrosystems in order to design innovative crop systems that respect the environment… This research is conducted at different levels of integration (from molecule to community) and spatio-temporal scales (microcosm, plot, landscape, crop cycle, rotation, etc.). They implement complementary expertise in the fields of agronomy, ecology, biology, physiology and ecophysiology, genetics, microbiology, modelling. The unit is structured into 4 poles: (i) Sustainable management of weeds, (ii) Genetic and environmental determinants of plant adaptation, (iii) Mechanisms and management of plant-microorganism interactions, (iv) Soil biology and ecosystem functions.
Aix Marseille Université
Aix-Marseille University is today the largest French-speaking university. It has 74,000 students in initial and continuing training and 8,000 staff. All fields of knowledge are taught: arts, humanities, languages and social sciences, law and political science, economics and management, health, science and technology. Bachelor, master and doctoral degrees are awarded, but also university technology degrees, engineering degrees, health degrees, as well as university degrees. The quality of student life in our university, a condition for growth and success, is a concern of our university community, which wishes to offer each student the best possible working conditions, sports and cultural life. Aix-Marseille University brings together 130 research structures, most often in partnership with national research organisations. Five main areas are mainly invested: energy, environmental and universe sciences, life and health sciences, advanced sciences and technologies, and human and social sciences. Transdisciplinarity and the promotion of knowledge are the major axes of development of Aix-Marseille University, a university with international ambition and rooted in its territory.
Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM)
BRGM or Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières is the French public institution of reference in earth sciences applications to manage resources and risks of the soil and subsoil. It constitutes the French National Geological Survey. Its activity is divided into 5 missions (scientific research, public policy support, international cooperation, mining safety and training) and 10 major areas of geosciences (geology, mineral resources, geothermal energy, CO2 geological storage, risks, after-mining, water, environment and environmental technologies, laboratories and experimentation, information systems).
Centre d’Écologie Fonctionnelle et Évolutive (CEFE) – Montpellier
Created in 1961, the Centre d’Études Phytosociologiques et Écologiques de Montpellier became the Centre d’Écologie Fonctionnelle et Évolutive (CEFE) in 1988. The laboratory is organized into four scientific departments (Evolutionary Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation, Functional Ecology and Interactions, Ecology and Societies). These departments are supported by common technical platforms. Four transversal themes coordinate CEFE’s scientific contribution to the major international themes of ecological research:
- Human action, anthropized systems and conservation ecology. 2. Adaptive value of life history traits in the presence of constraints. 3. Role of biodiversity in ecosystem functioning. 4. Global changes and ecosystem functioning.
The laboratory’s work is carried out in a context of evolutionary biology and ecology and focuses in particular on the dynamics of adaptation in a heterogeneous environment in space and time. They also aim to provide answers to questions about biodiversity management and conservation. Much of the research focuses on Mediterranean and tropical ecosystems. The objective is to establish scenarios for the evolution of ecological systems and strategies for their conservation, restoration or rehabilitation.
Centre d’Écologie et des Sciences de la Conservation – MNHN
CESCO is interested in biodiversity conservation, mobilizing ecological and evolutionary approaches, as well as interfaces with social sciences (political science, management science and psychology). The URBA team develops action-research projects to meet a major societal demand for knowledge and management of biodiversity in urban areas. Its objective is to identify the mechanisms at work in the installation and the future of nature in the city in order to facilitate the emergence of ecological urban planning.
Centre d’études et d’expertises sur les risques, l’environnement, la mobilité et l’aménagement
CEREMA is the public reference institution for developing and capitalising on public expertise in the fields of spatial planning, territorial cohesion and ecological and energy transition. It offers unique expertise in the fields of mobility, transport infrastructure, urban planning and construction, resource conservation, risk prevention, road and maritime safety and the ability to integrate these different skills in the construction of territorial projects. As a centre of multidisciplinary scientific and technical resources and expertise, it supports the development, implementation and evaluation of public policies at both national and local levels. It provides direct support to government services, local authorities and companies (pre-AMO, AMO, specific operational missions, etc.). It develops, experiments and disseminates innovative solutions. With more than 2800 agents throughout the metropolitan area and a historical knowledge of local issues and contexts, CEREMA is resolutely committed to the challenge of sustainable development of territories, to develop the public policies of tomorrow.
Centre de Droit Public et Privé des Obligations et de la Consommation
Based in Chambéry, the CDPPOC is the Centre de Droit Public et Privé des Obligations et de la Consommation of the Faculty of Law of the Université Savoie Mont Blanc (EA 4143). The legal topics of the CDPPOC are liability law, contract law, consumer and public service user protection law, competition and market law, mountain law, urban planning law, legal theory and legal history. The centre is associated with the Masters of the Faculty of Law and the Doctoral School “Science and Engineering of Environmental Systems and Organisations” of the University of Savoy.
Centre Européen de Prévision Météorologique à Moyen Terme (CEPMMT)
The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast (ECMMMT), or European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecast (ECMWF), is an intergovernmental organisation created in 1975 and currently has 34 member states. It is located in Britain, in Reading, about 70 km west of London. The main objectives of the ECMWF are to provide weather forecasts to protect people and property and promote economic development in Member States. Research, still at the frontiers of knowledge, and the technological means implemented have enabled the ECMWF to develop a model of the Earth/Atmosphere system that produces weather forecasts at 5 to 10 day intervals, which are still the most reliable in the world today.
Centre international de recherche sur l’environnement et le développement (CIRED)
The International Research Centre for Environment and Development[Cired] is an interdisciplinary research group with a broad economic focus, created in 1973 at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS) by Ignacy Sachs, on the basis of a nucleus gathered since 1971 under the name of Groupe de recherche sur la stratégie de développement. Based on a problem of the articulation of development challenges and environmental protection, in the wake of the debates generated by the United Nations Conference on Human Development in Stockholm (1972) and in response to the theses of the Club of Rome (Meadows et al., 1972), Cired is dedicated to the study of the relationships between modes of economic regulation and the genesis of the technological universes that structure the relationships between human activities and the natural and built biophysical environment. The aim is to understand how institutions, economic incentives and social conventions shape technical choices and consumption patterns, and then to study the economic and social feedback of their environmental impacts. These questions largely concern the short-term – long-term articulation. This is why the work carried out at Cired has always been underpinned by a prospective modelling effort and by a constant dialogue with the natural and engineering sciences. This multidisciplinary approach, reflected in the very composition of the team, has enabled it to meet the challenge of an integrated analysis of the challenges of sustainable development, taking into account the interdependencies between sectors of activity and between types of challenges (energy and food security, climate, technological risks, economic globalization, poverty reduction) This multidisciplinary approach explains the institutional backing of Cired. It became a research unit associated with the Centre national de la recherche scientifique[CNRS] in 1976, and integrated the systems of AgroParisTech (Institut des sciences et industries du vivant et de l’environnement) in 2000, the École nationale des ponts et chaussées (ENPC, now École des Ponts ParisTech) in 2004, and the Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement[CIRAD] in 2004. These institutions thus affirm their willingness to address the issues that the sustainable development issue raises for the sectors of activity for which they are responsible within an integrated framework and not by juxtaposing sectoral approaches.
Centre Scientifique de Monaco (CSM)
The Monaco Scientific Centre (CSM) is a public research institute created in 1960 at the initiative of Prince Rainier III. Dedicated to scientific research, the WSC is divided into three departments: a marine biology department specializing in the study of the functioning of tropical and Mediterranean marine ecosystems and the effects of climate change on these ecosystems; a polar biology department specializing in the study of penguins as indicators of changes in the polar ecosystem; and a medical biology department composed of three teams specialized in research against cancer and gene therapy, degenerative neuromuscular diseases and human microbiome. This department also includes a funding agency for clinical research in the Principality, a Human Health and Environment cluster approved as a WHO Collaborating Centre for Health and Sustainable Development and an International Sickle Cell Disease Observatory (MONACORD). The WSC is chaired by Prof. Patrick Rampal, former Dean of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Nice.
CHU Grenoble Alpes
Since its creation on January 1, 2016, the Université Grenoble Alpes has been regularly ranked at the top 100 of several major international rankings. The UGA manages 45,000 students and 23 faculties, schools and institutes, including the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy. Grenoble Alpes University Hospital is a 2000-bed tertiary care hospital including all medical, surgical and obstetrical activities. The Bacteriology-Hospital Hygiene Laboratory is involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of infectious diseases. He manages the National Reference Centre Francisella tularensis, agent of tularemia. Our research activities are carried out in the TIMC-IMAG laboratory (UMR CNRS/UGA 5525). They concern the development and evaluation of new diagnostic and therapeutic technologies for infectious diseases, and more particularly zoonoses.
Conservatoire national des arts et métiers (CNAM)
Cnam is a large organization that is part of higher education. Its main mission, since its creation in 1804, has been continuous professional training. The Paris centre has 64,000 auditors and is run by 348 teacher-researchers working in 21 research laboratories. Cnam is also present in the French Regions and in several foreign countries. The Chair of Geotechnics was created after the accident at the Malpasset dam (1959) and has had three successive officials: Georges Filliat, Claude Plumelle and Philippe Delmas. The team of teachers consists of two professors and two lecturers. Their teaching and research work focuses on geotechnical foundations and structures, soil and rock reinforcement, earthworks and roads, underground works, hydrogeology and environmental geotechnics.
Département de Chimie Moléculaire (DCM) – Grenoble
The Department of Molecular Chemistry (DCM) is a laboratory of the Université Grenoble Alpes and the CNRS (UMR CNRS-UGA 5250) located on the Saint-Martin-d’Hères – Gières campus. It brings together more than 150 people who work in two main areas: chemistry for health and chemistry for nanosciences. It is structured around major themes that include theoretical chemistry, inorganic chemistry, biomolecules (DNA, peptides) and organic synthesis. Benefiting from a very good technical platform (nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, etc.), it is associated with actions focused on therapeutic, diagnostic and technological applications with university and industrial laboratories.
École et observatoire des sciences de la terre (EOST)
The School and Observatory of Earth Sciences (EOST) is responsible for teaching, research, observation and dissemination of knowledge in the earth sciences. It is under the supervision of the University of Strasbourg and the CNRS. EOST is located in two buildings on Strasbourg’s central university campus and has more than 160 permanent staff. As a component of the University of Strasbourg, EOST provides training in earth and environmental sciences for nearly 400 students (Engineering School, Licence and Master, Doctoral School). Research activity is carried out in two joint units of the CNRS and the University of Strasbourg: the Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg (IPGS) and the Laboratoire d’Hydrologie et de Géochimie de Strasbourg (LHyGeS). It also includes a structure for coordinating research conducted at universities and companies on the use of high-temperature geothermal energy (Labex G-eau-thermie profonde).
École Normale Supérieure de Lyon
The ENS de Lyon trains motivated students in high-level teaching and research who have a desire to learn. Initially intended for the training of higher education teachers (associate professors in high schools and universities), it now adds to this initial mission the training of future researchers and teacher-researchers, by and for research, in scientific and literary disciplines.
École Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Poitiers
The École Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Poitiers (ENSI Poitiers, created in 1984) of the University of Poitiers trains engineers specialized in engineering for environmental protection in three years. It awards two diplomas. An Energy degree with three backgrounds: Lighting, Acoustics and Air Conditioning, Industrial Energy and Electrical Energy Management. A degree in Water and Civil Engineering with three courses: Geotechnics and Building Materials, Geotechnics and Underground Works and Water and Nuisance Treatment.
Encyclopédie de l’Énergie
Located in the École Nationale Supérieure de l’Énergie, de l’Eau et de l’Environnement (ENSE3), the association (law 1901) Encyclopédie de l’Énergie aims to disseminate on the Web expert, personalized and structured knowledge on all aspects of energy. After 4 years of activity, at the end of June 2018, the Encyclopedia, which has put 180 articles online, plans to continue at an average monthly rate of 4 articles.
Équipe Systèmes Moléculaires Organisés et Développement Durable (SMODD)
The SMODD team is a component of the IMRCP laboratory (Molecular Interactions and Chemical and Photochemical Reactivity), attached to the CNRS and the Paul Sabatier University in Toulouse. The originality of his research is based on the synthesis and engineering of Organized Molecular Systems (OMS). These systems are developed on the basis of new concepts of chemistry for sustainable development. The group’s main strength is to design and synthesize original SMOs that can be developed in three areas of application: vectorization (transport of drugs or other active ingredients to its target), reactivity in confined environments and development of biodegradable materials. The team’s specificity is to successfully develop projects that combine fundamental research and technological innovation. Some projects go all the way to the commercial product. Between February 2005 and February 2010, the team published 62 articles in these areas (in peer-reviewed journals), 18 invited lectures and 11 patents.
Evian-Volvic World is the company that manages, protects, bottles and markets the four French natural mineral water sources and brands (Evian, Volvic, Badoit, La Salvetat) of the Danone Group’s Water Division. As part of EVW, the Water Institute by evian passes on the historical know-how of the Danone Group’s Water Division. It improves scientific knowledge on the management and protection of water resources, especially groundwater. As part of the Danone Group’s Water Division’s sustainable development strategy, it transfers its scientific and partnership expertise on water and ecosystems, water uses, particularly in the context of industrial production, and access to water. He shares his skills with professionals and students through four areas of activity: Teaching and training, Scientific and technical research, Conferences and workshops, Consulting.
Faculté de Pharmacie de Lille
The Faculty of Pharmacy is the Training and Research Unit of the University of Lille which ensures the training of future pharmacists but also the continuous training of professional pharmacists. With 3,000 students and 230 staff, including 103 research professors in some 15 research teams, the Faculty is involved in today’s major health fields, including health-environment links. It participates in many programs for pharmacists: securing the city/hospital link, pharmacovigilance, therapeutic education, pharmaceutical interviews, etc.
Groupement de Recherche Eau Sol Environnement
The PEIRENE EA 7500 Laboratory at the University of Limoges is a young public research entity (EA) that has been in existence since 2018. It is the result of the “fusion” of GRESE (Groupement de Recherche Eau Sol Environnement), LCSN (Laboratoire de Chimie des Substances Naturelles) and UGMA (Unité de Génétique Moléculaire Animale). The research focuses on “natural resources”. The laboratory is organized in 3 axes, of which the former GRESE is a research axis. The work on the critical area is particularly interested in the quality of the environment and is supported by a multidisciplinary multidisciplinary group of leading experts in the field of the environment, as well as in chemistry, biology, microbiology, soil sciences, geology and process engineering. The 40 permanent employees provide answers to environmental problems for economic and social actors in the field of diagnosis and process.
Imperial College – Life Sciences Department – London
The Life Sciences Department of Imperial College London is one of the largest European groups in this field. It has about a hundred professors, 180 researchers and post-doctoral fellows, 200 doctoral students. The research carried out concerns all levels of life organization and ranges from atoms to the biosphere.
Institut de Biologie Intégrative de la Cellule (I2BC) – Paris Sud
The Institute of Integrative Cell Biology (I2BC) is a Joint Research Unit (CEA, CNRS, University of Paris Sud). The unit is made up of nearly 80 research teams, 15 technology platforms, from 8 research units (CGM, IBBMC, IGM, ISV, LEGS, VMS, SB2SM, SBiGeM). The institute is spread over 3 research sites (Orsay Campus of the University of Paris Sud, CNRS Campus of Gif sur Yvette and CEA Saclay Campus) in 14 buildings until the gathering scheduled for 2018 on the CNRS campus in Gif.
Institut de Biologie Structurale (IBS) – Grenoble
The Institut de Biologie Structurale à Grenoble is a Joint Research Unit (UMR 5075) created by the CEA, the CNRS and the Université Grenoble Alpes, located in Grenoble on the campus of the peninsula. It offers multidisciplinary approaches, at the frontiers of biology, physics and chemistry, combining fundamental research (structural and functional study of biological macromolecules – e. g. proteins), applied research and technical innovation. Its mission is to determine the function and mode of action of proteins of particular interest for understanding the fundamental mechanisms of living organisms or for medical and biotechnological applications. To this end, IBS is developing new approaches in structural biology based on a complete set of technological platforms as well as on the major Grenoble instruments: the ESRF synchrotron and the Laue-Langevin Institute (ILL). Its themes are developed in eighteen groups, bringing together about 270 people. IBS scientists actively participate in the training of students, master’s and doctoral students, and more than 20 professors and assistant professors teach at UGA.
Institut de Chimie des Milieux et Matériaux de Poitiers
IC2MP is an interdisciplinary research institute created in 2012 in the field of chemistry and surface geosciences. It has a staff of 250 people on 13,000 m2 on the University’s Science campus. It depends on CNRS sections 14 (main section), and 13, 16, and 20 (secondary sections). The institute brings together 5 teams and 3 platforms resulting from the merger of all or part of four chemistry and geosciences laboratories that have been recognized by the CNRS for some 40 years; these four laboratories are: the Organic Chemistry Catalysis Laboratory (LACCO or UMR6503); the Natural Substances Synthesis and Reactivity Laboratory (SRSN or UMR6514); the Water Chemistry and Microbiology Laboratory (LCME or UMR6008); the Hydrogeology, Clays, Soils and Alterations Laboratory (HydrASA or UMR6269). The fields of application of this research concern energy, materials and natural resources in the context of a sustainable environment.
Institut de Droit de l’Environnement (IDE)
The Institut de Droit de l’Environnement is a component of the Laboratoire Environnement Ville Société (EVS – UMR 5600) of the Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3. Created in 1979, it now has six statutory professor-researchers, about ten doctoral students and several associate researchers. Its research activities cover all fields of the environment, approached from a legal perspective: climate, biodiversity, waste, water, risks, urbanization, energy… The objective of the researchers is to show that law is a tool that makes it possible to respond to environmental challenges, which naturally leads them to work by calling on scientific plurality: ecologists, philosophers, geographers, economists, engineers… It is in this spirit that they contribute their knowledge to the Encyclopedia of the Environment.
Institut de Géographie Alpine (IGA)
The Institut de Géographie Alpine, founded in 1911, is one of the oldest geography institutes in France. It is traditionally oriented towards the geography of mountains, particularly the French Alps. This theme remains very present, even if the themes and issues have diversified considerably. The IGA and its laboratories have also more recently been one of the poles of development of the notion of territory. The IGA is widely involved in finalised research on territorial development and environmental geography. Finally, the IGA provides bachelor’s and master’s degree courses in general geography, environmental geography and territorial development.
Institut des géosciences de l’environnement (IGE)
The Institute of Environmental Geosciences (IGE, UMR 5001) is a public research laboratory created in 2017 as a result of the merger of the Laboratory of Environmental Glaciology and Geophysics (LGGE) and the Laboratory for the Study of Transfers in Hydrology and Environment (LTHE). IGE conducts research on climate, the water cycle, the cryosphere and natural and anthropized environments. This research aims to better understand the processes that govern the functioning of different geophysical environments (ocean, physico-chemical atmosphere, cryosphere, watersheds, critical area), their interactions and responses to anthropogenic pressures, as well as the adaptation and resilience processes of societies. The major areas of research are alpine areas, polar areas, the global ocean and intertropical areas. The IGE is based on a strategy combining observation (field observations, national observation services, space missions), instrumental development and modelling.
Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) – Grenoble
The Laue-Langevin Institute, named after physicists Max von Laue and Paul Langevin, is an international research organization based in Grenoble. His research focuses on the production of neutrons and their use in the study of the structure of matter and its properties at the microscopic scale. Neutron scattering is above all an ideal method for observing the movements of atoms and molecules. In particular, it makes it possible to analyse the movements of organic molecules, and consequently to understand the functioning of living organisms. The neutrons produced in Grenoble come from a nuclear reactor similar to those that produce our electricity. At the ILL, neutrons are collected and the energy produced is eliminated. In nuclear power plants, the opposite is true.
The Institut Micalis is a joint research unit associating INRA and AgroParisTech, which is located on the campus of the University of Paris-Saclay. Micalis’ objective is to study the “Microbiology of Food for Health”. The expertise and research projects of the 350 agents of the Micalis Institute are structured around 3 thematic axes: 1, the physiology of microorganisms through systems biology, 2, the emergence mechanisms of opportunistic foodborne pathogenic microorganisms and 3, the complex microbial ecosystems of food and humans as determinants of food quality and health.
Dr. Thomas’ work fits into this last thematic area since its objective is to better understand the dialogue between microorganisms and human cells.
Institut Nanoscience et Cryogénie (INAC) – Grenoble
The Nanoscience and Cryogenics Institute (INAC) is an institute of the CEA, a federative research structure of CEA-Université Grenoble Alpes. It is composed of 5 laboratories associated with the UGA and some with the CNRS. Among them, the SyMMES laboratory (Molecular SYSTEMS and nanoMaterials for Energy and Health) aims to develop fundamental research on topics of high societal importance: carbon-free energy, information and communication technologies, biotechnology and human health. To do this, the SyMMES explores the design, synthesis and study of innovative and original architectures and functional materials. He is also interested in the reactivity and properties of biomolecules, thus bringing an original approach to biological questions.
Institut national de Recherche en Sciences et Technologies pour l’Environnement et l’Agriculture (IRSTEA)
Irstea is developing a finalised research model in environmental sciences aimed at producing concrete solutions for public decision-making and leading to action. The research has a strong technological and methodological component, based on an approach of co-construction of scientific questions with many socio-economic actors. The research focuses mainly on water, territories and environmental technologies. More specifically, the Irstea centre in Grenoble conducts research on natural risks in the mountains, on ecosystems and socio-ecosystems and on environmental and climatic issues for peri-urban and mountain territories.
Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées (IRBA)
The Army Biomedical Research Institute (IRBA) is the establishment of the Army Health Service (SSA) specifically dedicated to research. Located in Ile-de-France, in Brétigny-sur-Orge (Essonne), it conducts medical research focused on the employment environments of the armed forces and on CBRN risks (nuclear, radiological, biological and chemical). The Institute provides research activities, expertise and training. The Institute, created on 1 March 2009, brought together the four research establishments of the Armed Forces Health Service with a view to concentrating research resources dedicated to improving the health of the military. It depends on the DGA (Direction Générale de l’Armement).
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)
The Institut de recherche pour le développement is a French public institution under the dual supervision of the Ministries of Higher Education and Research and of Foreign Affairs and International Development. Through its network and presence in some 50 countries, it carries out an original approach to research, expertise, training and knowledge sharing for the benefit of territories and countries that make science and innovation one of the first levers of their development. UMMISCO is an International Joint Unit for Mathematical and Computer Modelling of Complex Systems. This unit is composed of 63 researchers or permanent professors who conduct research in computer science and applied mathematics on real issues affecting epidemiology, ecology, and society. UMMISCO is under the supervision of IRD and Sorbonne Universities. Its partners are the Cady Ayyad University of Marrakech in Morocco, the Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar and the Gaston Berger University in Saint-Louis in Senegal, the University of Yaoundé 1 in Cameroon, as well as the University of Science and Technology of Hanoi in Vietnam.
Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires (INSTN)
INSTN is a public institution of higher education, administered by the CEA (Commissariat à l’Énergie atomique et aux énergies Alternatives), and placed under the joint supervision of the ministries in charge of Higher Education, Industry, Economy and Environment. INSTN was created in 1956 and has been supporting the growth of nuclear energy for 60 years by contributing to the development of the human resources needed for research and industry at all levels of qualification, from operator to researcher.
Institut photonique d’analyse non-destructive européen des matériaux anciens (IPANEMA)
IPANEMA is a service and research unit (CNRS, Ministry of Culture and Communication and University of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines) located on the site of the SOLEIL synchrotron on the Saclay plateau. It is a laboratory for the development of advanced methods for the characterization of materials from archaeology, palaeo-environments, palaeontology and cultural heritage, and for supporting synchrotron research with external users hosted on the platform. To this end, IPANEMA develops and makes available a set of techniques to prepare samples, study artifacts and samples, and statistically analyze the data sets collected, using the platforms and major instruments of the University of Paris-Saclay.
Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG)
IPAG works on stellar and planetary formation, from the initial phases of cloud collapse to the physics and chemistry of circumstellar disks and the formation of planets, as well as star-disk interaction via the stellar magnetosphere. IPAG is also working on plasmas and physical processes involved in accretion-ejection phenomena around young stellar objects and compact objects, where the energies involved are enormous, with relativistic effects. In planetary sciences, IPAG studies solar-terrestrial interactions and space meteorology, planetary sub-surfaces, small bodies of the solar system, and the chemical evolution of primitive matter. To support this thematic research, IPAG is involved in the construction and development of many instruments that equip the most powerful international telescopes in the world. IPAG also develops and operates instruments on space probes to study the internal structure of the bodies of the solar system, the groundwater of Mars, and their atmospheric composition.
Institut polaire français Paul-Émile-Victor
The IPEV is the projection agency for resources in the polar regions for the benefit of French academic research. It is in the form of a GIP, located in Brest and composed of 9 members including the Ministry of Research, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the CNRS. One of the Institute’s objectives is to coordinate, support and implement, as a capacity agency, national and international scientific and technological programmes in the Arctic, Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic polar regions. In this context, the ENPI supports programmes in the polar regions of both hemispheres. In Antarctica, it manages, coordinates and maintains the Concordia and Dumont d’Urville bases in Antarctica, the AWIPEV station in Spitsbergen, and ensures scientific logistics and the implementation of research programmes in the French sub-Antarctic islands of Crozet, Kerguelen and Amsterdam. The CNRS – University of Rennes I ECOBIO “Ecosystems, Biodiversity, Evolution” UMR is a multidisciplinary unit of ecology whose unifying axis is the biodiversity of continental and island ecosystems, from the molecule to the ecosystem. As such, it develops programs in the Canadian Arctic and sub-Antarctic islands.
Institut des Sciences de la Terre (ISTerre)
The scientific objective of the laboratory is the physical and chemical study of the planet Earth, based on the observation of natural objects, experimentation and process modelling. The research is structured around 3 main issues:
1.Can we predict earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, variations in the Earth’s magnetic field?This prediction requires a long work of observation and data analysis, experimental and numerical modelling of phenomena to understand the observations, as well as work on the application and dissemination of our results.
2.What shapes the Earth’s surface?As a place where internal geodynamics, fault activity and external forcing (erosion, deposition) occur, relief remains a complex object that requires observation, imagery, modelling and theory.
3.How do rocks subject to natural or anthropogenic temporal variations in their environment change?
Mineralogical and geochemical markers are used to quantify and model the evolution of rocks and soils, in response to natural (pressure, temperature, deformation, water…) or anthropogenic (pollution, exploitation of deposits, waste storage,…) imbalances through laboratory experimentation, fine acquisition on large instruments and modelling.
Institut des Sciences de la Terre de Paris
The ISTeP is a Sorbonne University-CNRS joint laboratory with about fifty researchers and permanent professors. The main research themes of the unit are the rheology of the crust and lithosphere, the dynamics of sedimentary basins, mountain ranges and continental margins, and biomineralization as tracers of current and fossil environments. The research conducted within ISTeP is based on an approach ranging from field to themomechanical numerical modelling and physico-chemical analyses using various tools. The Institute has developed numerous national and international collaborations, both academic and industrial, and makes a significant contribution to the training of students in Earth Sciences.
Institut de Systématique, Évolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB) – MNHN Paris
The Institute of Systematics, Evolution, Biodiversity (ISYEB, UMR 7205) is a CNRS unit of the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle de Paris, also under the supervision of the Pierre et Marie Curie University and the École Pratique des Hautes Études. Its objective is to answer questions concerning the origin of biodiversity, the modalities of species diversification, the establishment of communities in relation to the spatio-temporal evolution of taxa. It is one of the European poles of systematics that contributes significantly to the taxonomy and biology of evolution.
Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l’aménagement et des réseaux
Created on 1 January 2011 from the merger of INRETS and LCPC, IFSTTAR is a public scientific and technological institution under the joint supervision of the Ministry of the Environment, Energy and the Sea and the Ministry of Higher Education and Research. IFSTTAR conducts finalised research and expertise in the fields of transport, infrastructure, natural hazards and the city to improve the living conditions of our fellow citizens and more broadly to promote the sustainable development of our societies.
Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA)
The URZF is a research unit belonging to the “Ecology of Forests, Meadows and Aquatic Environments” department of INRA. His work focuses on studying the response of ecosystems to global changes in order to understand the mechanisms that govern populations of insects (mainly forest insects) that are invasive or expanding as a result of human activities and environmental changes. To develop its research, the URZF brings together entomologists, ecologists, molecular biologists and modelers. Ultimately, this research aims to develop tools for managing organisms in the context of global warming and accelerated globalization.
Institut Sophia Agrobiotech
The Sophia Agrobiotech Institute (ISA) of the INRA Centre in Sophia Antipolis has 140 INRA, Nice Sophia Antipolis University and CNRS employees who conduct research related to plant health and the environment. The ISA RMU develops research programmes to reduce agriculture’s dependence on chemical plant protection and industrial fertilizers, while maintaining its competitiveness. The objective of this research is to understand the molecular mechanisms of plants that determine the establishment and fate of interactions with their biotic partners (agronomically important pests: nematodes, oomycetes and symbiotic insects or bacteria). Within the ISA, the work of the “Symbiosis and redox state of the cell” team aims to study the role of the redox state in the establishment, functioning and senescence of nitrogen-fixing symbiosis between legumes and rhizobium-type soil bacteria. Through various partnerships with Maghreb countries, the Symbiose team is also developing research programs on the adaptation of cultivated legumes to environmental constraints such as drought, salinity, or floods.
IRISSO is a Joint Research Unit of the CNRS and INRA, associated with the University of Paris-Dauphine/PSL, which includes sociologists, politicians and economists. Born from the merger of the Institute for Interdisciplinary Research in Sociology, Political Science and Economics (IRISES) and the Centre for Studies and Research in the Sociology of Organizations (CERSO), IRISSO integrated a new component in 2015: the Political Communication Laboratory (LCP). Researchers and administrative managers from INRA’s RiTME (Risks, Labour, Contracts, State) unit also joined IRISSO in 2017.
The 3SR laboratory comes from the major mechanical and hydraulic laboratories in the Grenoble region after the Second World War, catalyzed by the development of hydraulic energy. He conducts cutting-edge research in solid mechanics, in the fields of structural engineering, civil engineering structures and materials, energy, transportation and health. It is a joint research unit (UMR 5521) between the CNRS (INSIS), the University of Grenoble Alpes and Grenoble INP. The research is based on both experimentation and modelling, both at the scale of the material and at the scale of the structure. Experimental studies are conducted to understand, analyze, and feed into the development of theoretical and numerical models taking into account physico-mechanical couplings and multi-scale analyses. The research areas addressed are essentially: – environmental and technological risks (underground and surface storage), surface gravity and seismic risks, underground collapses and the durability of sensitive energy-supplying structures, – the mechanical behaviour of complex solid systems and media (granular, porous, entangled, reinforced, biological and bio-inspired) as well as the serviceability of structures and geostructures (particularly under cyclic loading). The 3SR Laboratory has original experimental facilities, often unique in the world, in the mechanics of materials, geo-materials and structures. In terms of modelling, the laboratory has innovative and renowned tools at its disposal, dealing both with aspects at the micro level (e. g. grains) of behaviour and at the macroscopic level (large volume of grains, fibres, massive soil or cracked rocks). The 3SR laboratory employs about 130 people, half of whom are researchers or teacher-researchers or technicians, and the other half are doctoral candidates, post-doctoral fellows, visitors and trainees.
Laboratoire d’Aérologie (LA)
- The dynamic, thermodynamic and microphysical processes that govern the meteorological atmosphere, from small scale (cloud convection or boundary layer) to synoptic disturbances in mid-latitudes and tropics.
- Physico-chemistry of the troposphere and lower stratosphere with natural and anthropogenic production, transport, flows at the interfaces, evolution and impact of gaseous and particulate chemical species, with more specific developments concerning ozone on the one hand, and nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds and carbonaceous aerosols on the other hand.
- Coastal oceanography in its dynamic aspects related to general circulation, forcings and internal disturbances; biogeochemical with associated cycles of the main elements; climatic towards the study of the impact of global change.
Laboratoire de Biochimie et Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes (B&PMP) – Montpellier
The Joint Research Unit for Biochemistry and Molecular Physiology of Plants (INRA, CNRS, University of Montpellier 2, SupAgro), created about thirty years ago, is working to identify the molecular mechanisms of hydromineral plant nutrition and to analyse their integration into the entire body. The focus is on: (i) membrane and long-distance transport of water and ions (nitrate, potassium, phosphate, iron, zinc, etc.), (ii) storage and metabolism of mineral elements, (iii) signalling to regulate these processes, (iv) development control in response to fluctuations in water and mineral ion availability. A major objective is to determine the integrated role of the molecular mechanisms identified in the adaptation of plants to abiotic environmental stresses (water stress, saline stress, mineral deficiencies, metal toxicity). The plant models are mainly model plants (Arabidopsis thaliana, Medicago truncatula…), with approaches concerning species of agronomic interest (rice, grapevine), and symbioses (mycorrhizae, legumes). The approaches are those of Integrative Biology, and give a large place to genomics (transcriptome, proteome, modeling of gene networks) and functional phenotyping (electrophysiology, isotopes, hydraulics, imaging) or development (root architecture).
Laboratoire Eau Environnement et Systèmes Urbains (LEESU)
Leesu (Laboratoire Eau Environnement et Systèmes Urbains at the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées) is an interdisciplinary public research laboratory under the supervision of the Université Paris-Est Créteil, the École des Ponts ParisTech and AgroParisTech, whose purpose is the socio-technical management of urban water. The studies it conducts, in partnership with local authorities in particular, aim to promote innovation in this field and to characterise the conditions for successful appropriation by users. He has opened himself to the challenges of the circular economy in urban areas.
Laboratoire d’Écologie Alpine (LECA) – Grenoble
The Alpine Ecology Laboratory is a Joint Research Unit (UMR 5553) bringing together researchers from the CNRS, the University of Grenoble Alpes and the University of Savoy. The aim of the unit’s research is to understand how ecosystems function and maintain biodiversity and predict their response to change using concepts and methods from disciplines such as ecology and evolutionary biology. LECA develops integrated research ranging from the molecular mechanisms of adaptation to the overall impact of the physical environment on ecosystem functioning and biodiversity maintenance.
Laboratoire Écologie, Systématique, Évolution – Orsay
The Ecology, Systematics and Evolution (ESE) unit, UMR 8079 – University of Paris-Sud / CNRS / AgroParisTech, conducts research in ecology and evolution that aims to study the origin and dynamics of biodiversity as well as the evolution and functioning of ecosystems. The approaches used for these objectives are based on a synergy between in situ observations, experimentation and mathematical modelling as a tool for understanding, synthesis and projection. Some of the unit’s research is closely linked to societal concerns. Indeed, the objective of this research is to contribute to providing support and decision-making tools for biodiversity and socio-agro-ecosystem managers. The study of the consequences of global changes, particularly climate change, on populations, communities and ecosystems and their response to these changes is a cross-cutting theme in the SEA unit. It consists in particular in studying the genetic and phenotypic adaptation processes involved, but also the modalities of implementing management measures through public policies. As part of their research, the unit’s researchers and teacher-researchers establish numerous interactions within networks with other teams of ecologists and evolutionists at the local level (within the framework of FR3284-IDEEV, Paris Centre units), and at the national (particularly GDR) and international levels. These interactions are also open to researchers from other disciplines, including researchers in the humanities and social sciences, in order to increase our ability to respond to different societal issues. The BASC LABEX in which the unit is involved facilitates exchanges with researchers in the human sciences but also with specialists in climate sciences and agronomists to meet the sustainability challenges of socio-agro-eco-ecosystems.
Laboratoire des Écoulements Géophysiques et Industriels (LEGI)
LEGI, part of the University of Grenoble Alpes Community, brings together more than 150 people, 60 of whom are permanent, and as many doctoral and post-doctoral students. Research activities combine modelling, experimentation and high-performance numerical simulation in fluid mechanics. These activities combine very fundamental studies on turbulence with many application areas related to environmental as well as industrial issues, such as water treatment, hydro or wind power, hydrogen storage. The MEIGE team (Modelling, Experiments and Instrumentation for Geophysics and the Environment) studies more particularly the dynamics of natural environments such as the ocean, atmosphere, rivers and coastal zones. The team is interested in problems of coastal erosion and sediment transport, complex relief air pollution, and wave dynamics and turbulence in a density stratified environment. Several turntables, including the large 15 m diameter “Coriolis” platform, allow the Coriolis effects to be reproduced in the laboratory.
Laboratoire Environnement, Ville Société du CNRS (Université de Lyon)
The EVS laboratory brings together nearly 150 permanent staff and 140 doctoral students, research communities belonging to the educational and research institutions of the Lyon Saint-Etienne cluster and working in the field of territorial and environmental sciences (geography, engineering, urban planning, environmental law, architecture). The researchers of the “Environment, City and Society” laboratory deal with the ways in which contemporary and past societies develop and protect their environments. These modalities are observed in terms of change, action, transformation, evolution, becoming. Questions relating to “transitions” and “global change” are approached as modalities for the mutual appropriation of the world and societies by considering together dimensions that appear strictly inseparable: social, territorial, environmental, ecological; dimensions that are all manifestations of the same world and its state in a time “t” of its history. The laboratory is organized into 8 workshops that constitute as many research polarities around the dynamics of change and the associated territorial and environmental issues. For example, Workshop 5 focuses on “Environmental changes: measurement and assessment of environmental changes (frequency, intensity, magnitude), functional and multi-temporal approaches” and Workshop 8 “Geomatics research. Methods, models and spatio-temporal systems, environment and society”.
Laboratoire Environnements, DYnamiques et TErritoires de la Montagne (EDYTEM)
Created in 2003, EDYTEM is a joint research unit of the Savoie Mont Blanc University and the CNRS. It was born from the desire to bring together researchers in geosciences (geology, hydrogeology, geomorphology) and human and social sciences (geography) in order to solve, through a transdisciplinary vision, the environmental and societal problems specific to mountain areas. Today, it occupies a strong and original place, between geosciences and human and social sciences, in the field of environmental sciences and more particularly in the Ecology and Environment Institute (INEE) of the CNRS and the Astrophysics Physics, Geosciences and Environment PAGE of the COMUE Université Grenoble Alpes (CUGA).
Laboratoire Epigénétique et Signalisation Cellulaire (Institut Albert Bonniot) – Grenoble
The research of the team led by Saadi Khochbin at the IAB (Institut Albert Bonniot, Centre de recherche Université Grenoble Alpes, Inserm U1209, CNRS UMR 5309) aims to understand how the genome communicates with its close or distant environment to control its functions. The team’s discoveries range from the identification and functional characterization of new enzymes regulating chemical changes in histones, to chemical changes in histones themselves, factors recognizing modified histones and histone variants. In this context, the team has developed an original line of research aimed at understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in male genome programming, an obscure but fundamental and preserved process. This research not only unveils the molecular basis for the establishment of the male epigenome, but also generates important new concepts applicable to epigenetics and chromatin biology in general. This research program has also led to unexpected applications in the field of cancer. Extensive research is being developed in this laboratory, revealing new oncogenic mechanisms, powerful biomarkers and new therapeutic targets. All this research activity is conducted on the basis of major international collaborations and multidisciplinary approaches, including structural biology, proteomics, genomics, biological chemistry and clinical expertise. This is evidenced by the publications coordinated by this team, testifying to the collaborative effort of several leading international laboratories.
Laboratoire Évolution Paris Seine
The Evolution Paris-Seine laboratory (UMR 7138) consists of 7 research teams and a platform, representing 32 researchers or teacher-researchers, 18 engineers or technicians, and 19 doctoral or post-doctoral positions. The laboratory is mainly interested in understanding the molecular mechanisms of evolution. Through modern biological tools, the laboratory undertakes to understand how organisms interact with their environments, on both an adaptive and evolutionary scale. Because of the themes studied in the unit, the study of biodiversity, and in particular the mechanisms at its origin, is studied at all possible levels, from genes to genomes, from cells to organisms, or from populations to species. Each team favours one of these levels, but always with the aim of achieving an integrated vision of adaptive and evolving processes. Different organisms are studied, such as ctenophores, cnidarians, crustaceans, molluscs or vertebrates, in eukaryotes and, bacteria as well as archaea in prokaryotes. This diversity of organisms is associated with a diversity of ecosystems, including the Antarctic coast, mangroves and the Mediterranean coast.
Laboratoire de Génétique, Reproduction et Développement (GreD) – Clermont-Ferrand
The Genetics Laboratory of the Blaise Pascal University in Clermont-Ferrand was created in 1967 by the arrival, from Orsay, of Ph. L’Héritier, J-C Bregliano, and Annie Fleuriet. It was quickly expanded by the recruitment of researchers and teacher-researchers. Thanks to the grouping of this laboratory with other local teams, a CNRS Associated Research Unit was created in 1983, bringing together 6 laboratories and about 50 researchers. From 1991, this unit became a Joint Research Unit and, in 2008, “Laboratoire de Génétique, Reproduction et Développement” (GreD), associated with the CNRS and INSERM, with 10 teams comprising 130 people of all categories.
Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon : Terre, Planète, Environnement
The Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon: Terre, Planète, Environnement (LGL-TPE, UMR 5276 CNRS) brings together the research teams of the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon and the Claude Bernard-Lyon 1 University in the field of Earth and Solar System Sciences. This laboratory is grouped with the Lyon Astrophysical Research Centre in the Lyon Observatory. Coming from the grouping of “geologists” from two different laboratories, and with 140 employees, the LGE-TPE deals with a wide range of fields of Earth and solar system sciences: young Earth and early events in the solar system, structure and mineralogy of the Earth’s interior, geology of planetary surfaces, formation of mountain ranges, primitive life and biosignatures, paleoenvironment.
Laboratoire de pollution atmosphérique (INRA) – Nancy
Within the INRA-Nancy Forest Research Centre, the Air Pollution Laboratory was responsible for ecotoxicological research on the effects of air pollutants on French vegetation, both within and outside metropolitan France. It should be recalled that this INRA laboratory, the only French laboratory working since 1975 at 100% of its time on the effects of air pollution on plants, has therefore been led to carry out its scientific activities and research in 3 fields:
- A fundamental area of research on the physiological impact of different air pollutants on plants. This fundamental research has been directed towards the plant bioindication of air pollution (acid rain, ozone, nitrogen compounds, heavy metals, organic compounds, etc.) to characterize and map it.
- A field of finalised research and transfer in collaboration with many other French and foreign laboratories, in order to study the causes and consequences for the environments (natural, anthropised) of atmospheric pollution present in the field.
- A field of expertise and popularization where the laboratory’s skills have been used in the context of expertise and consultancy, conferences, teaching, training, documentation, participation in fairs and exhibitions, etc…
Laboratoire Évolution Paris-Seine
The Evolution Paris-Seine laboratory (UMR 7138) consists of 7 research teams and a platform, representing 32 researchers or teacher-researchers, 18 engineers or technicians, and 19 doctoral candidates or postdoctoral positions. The laboratory is mainly interested in understanding the molecular mechanisms of evolution. Through modern biological tools, the laboratory undertakes to understand how organisms interact with their environments, on both an adaptive and evolutionary scale. Because of the themes studied in the unit, the study of biodiversity, and in particular the mechanisms at its origin, is studied at all possible levels, from genes to genomes, from cells to organisms, or from populations to species. Each team favours one of these levels, but always with the aim of achieving an integrated vision of adaptive and evolving processes. Different organisms are studied, such as ctenophores, cnidarians, crustaceans, molluscs or vertebrates, in eukaryotes and, bacteria as well as archaea in prokaryotes. This diversity of organisms is associated with a diversity of ecosystems, including the Antarctic coast, mangroves and the Mediterranean coast.
Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l’Environnement (LGGE)
The Laboratory of Glaciology and Geophysics of the Environment (LGGE, UMR 5183), created in 1958, brings together about 150 people to conduct research on snow and ice, glaciers, climate – atmosphere, ice and ocean – and the environment. For more than 50 years, the LGGE has built its scientific reputation on the study of climate and atmospheric composition. These studies focus on the present but also on past evolutions through the archives that constitute the snow and ice accumulated over time. However, the LGGE has other very competitive skills focused on snow and ice, such as the physical and mechanical study of ice material, air-snow chemical exchanges and the acquisition of data in the field and by satellite. The research conducted combines technological and analytical developments with a numerical modelling approach covering a variety of fields, from the atmosphere to ice mass flows and, more recently, to the ocean. The Antarctic and Arctic polar regions are privileged fields of action, but the LGGE’s experience also extends to mountain areas (study of alpine, Andean and Himalayan glaciers, pollution of alpine valleys) and oceans (role of the ocean in climate balances, medium-term forecast of ocean circulation). These studies contribute to the understanding of important scientific issues that are often societal issues such as the greenhouse effect, climate and environmental variability, cryospheric mass balance and sea level, global and regional pollution, and glacial hazards.
Laboratoire d’Hydraulique Environnementale (LHE)
The Laboratory of Environmental Hydraulics (LHE) is a laboratory of the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL). Created in 1928 by Alfred Stucky (with the name Laboratoire d’Essais Hydrauliques), it has long been a research centre focused on the hydraulics of large hydroelectric facilities. With the arrival of Professor Walter Graf in 1973, the emphasis was placed on understanding hydrodynamic phenomena in the environment. Currently, LHE’s research focuses on particle transport in a fluid and flow dynamics. Environmental applications mainly relate to problems encountered in the Alps (sediment transport, rapid flows such as avalanches and debris flows). Industrial applications include the transport of granular or pasty materials.
Laboratoire HydroSciences Montpellier (HSM)
The HydroSciences Montpellier Laboratory (HSM, www.hydrosciences.org) is a joint research unit (UMR 5569) (IRD, CNRS and University of Montpellier), attached to the Observatoire des Sciences de l’Univers – Observatoire de Recherche Méditerranéen de l’Environnement (OSU OREME). HSM is fully invested in water science research that covers areas ranging from biogeochemistry to extreme events, groundwater, hydrological cycle studies and water pathogens and associated health issues.
HSM carries out most of its scientific activity in the Mediterranean and tropical regions, with a strong involvement in the International Joint Laboratory PICCASS-EAU, the observatories (AMMA-CATCH, KARST, RBV, GLACIOCLIM, OHM) and the CRITEX Teamx.
Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Physique (LIPhy)
The LIPhy, named in 2011, is a direct result of the “Physical Spectrometry Laboratory” created in 1966. This laboratory is a joint research unit of the UGA and the CNRS, which includes 55 permanent researchers, 33 technicians and about 50 thesis and post-doctoral students. There are 7 research teams that share three main themes of activity: (i) Complex matter with experimental, theoretical studies on soft or amorphous matter (colloids, polymers, gels, etc.) (ii) Biophysics with work on the physical properties of cells (mobility, adhesion, contraction, etc.), the study of suspensions of bio-fluids such as blood, as well as the analysis of information processes in living systems at the molecular and cellular level. (iii) Optics and its applications with the development of highly sensitive instruments for measurements of the absorption spectrum of small molecules in the gas phase, which are very useful in geophysics, astrophysics and medicine. New imaging methods are also being developed.
Laboratoire de Mécanique des Solides
The Solid Mechanics Laboratory is a Joint Research Unit under the supervision of the École Polytechnique, the CNRS and the École des Mines ParisTech. His research field is the Mechanics of Continuous Media, studied at various scales, with a triple point of view: theoretical, experimental and numerical. The laboratory’s objective is to propose, build, analyze and validate thermodynamically coherent models experimentally and numerically in order to meet major scientific and technical challenges in the fields of energy, transport and mechanics for life. The laboratory is particularly active in the field of underground storage, and in particular the study of the long-term behaviour and low load of the geomaterials concerned.
Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD)
The Dynamic Meteorology Laboratory (LMD) was created in 1968 at the initiative of Pierre Morel. It is located on three university sites: the École Polytechnique in Palaiseau, the École Normale Supérieure and the Université Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris. It has just under 200 employees, including a quarter of permanent researchers and teacher-researchers, a quarter of engineers, technicians and administrative staff, a quarter of doctoral students, and a quarter of post-doctoral students, visitors or interns. This laboratory is a member of the Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), a federation of six public research laboratories in environmental sciences in Ile-de-France. LMD studies the dynamics of the atmosphere and atmospheric processes, both on Earth and on other planets. On Earth, the LMD focuses on climate variability, its evolution in relation to human activities, and air pollution. A strong emphasis is placed on understanding the underlying physical mechanisms. For this purpose, the LMD develops both theoretical approaches, instrumental developments for observation, and numerical modelling.
Laboratoire d’Optique Atmosphérique
LOA is a Joint Research Unit (UMR/CNRS 8518) whose work focuses on the propagation in the atmosphere of light received from the Sun and that emitted by the Earth’s surfaces and atmosphere. This work is part of the global climate study. A first objective is to quantify the role of visible and infrared radiation in the planet’s energy exchanges, in particular to specify the role of clouds in the Earth’s radiative balance, of which they are an essential factor. A second area of research concerns the global characterization of parameters directly related to climate change (clouds, aerosols, surfaces), using satellite observation. The work carried out in this context implements:
- software development to simulate radiation transfer, using models of the earth-atmosphere system;
- the analysis of observations acquired by existing satellite sensors and the design of new satellite experiments;
- the implementation of field observation campaigns, using equipment developed by the laboratory, implemented on the ground or from aircraft, in order to validate models or analyse atmospheric processes.
Pacte (Politiques publiques, ACtion politique, Territoires) is a joint social science research unit that brings together politicians, geographers and urban planners, as well as sociologists, economists, lawyers and historians from the Grenoble site. The UMR brings together 120 permanent researchers and teacher-researchers, 27 engineers and technicians, and 208 doctoral students. The Pact works on the many facets of the emergence, institutionalization, evolution, consolidation or questioning of public policies, at all territorial levels. This unit brings together a large number of researchers specialized in collective action and its social interactions. Its large surface area makes it possible to bring out new themes aimed at both excellence in the disciplines represented and interdisciplinary fertilization, particularly on environmental issues.
Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire et Végétale (LPCV) – Grenoble
TheLaboratory of Cellular and Plant Physiology (LPCV) is a joint unit of the CNRS, CEA, INRA and the University of Grenoble Alpes. Founded in 1979 under the leadership of Professor Roland Douce, the LPCV has been a major player in plant biology research in France. The LPCV is composed of about 110 people and includes 8 teams each studying a unique aspect of plant biology, ranging from the regulation of genome expression (especially transcriptome and chloroplastic proteome), to metabolism (especially lipid), physiology, photosynthesis and development (especially floral development and cell morphogenesis). The LPCV is one of the units of the Institut de Biosciences et Biotechnologies de Grenoble (BIG).
Laboratoire Science et Ingénierie des Matériaux et Procédés (SIMaP)
The laboratory results from the refounding of 3 units in 2007, under the triple supervision of the UGA, Grenoble-INP and CNRS. SIMaP employs approximately 230 people, a third of whom are researchers and teacher-researchers, a fifth technical and administrative engineers and a hundred doctoral or post-doctoral students. This group of physicists, mechanics and material and fluid chemists studies the development, shaping, assembly and properties of materials for structural and functional applications by combining experimentation and modelling, from the atomic scale to the process scale, based on the mutualisation of experimental platforms for development and characterisation. Based on a detailed understanding of the mechanisms, SIMaP researchers design and optimize innovative production processes. They improve the properties of existing materials and develop the materials of the future. This research strategy coupling the building blocks elaboration – modeling – characterization – properties of use is one of the strong points of the laboratory which has organized itself so that the various disciplines present are interactive.
The SMS-ID laboratory was created in 2015 after the split of the LGCIE laboratory from INSA Lyon. This laboratory is located in the premises of INSA Lyon, it is composed of three complementary teams: geotechnics, materials and structures. Among the scientific orientations favoured in the laboratory, soil reinforcement is one of the themes particularly studied. The objectives of this research include an assumed applicative dimension, seeking to be as close as possible to industrial and societal needs: eco-material formulations, large-scale experimentation for civil engineering objects, and the implementation of digital models (finite and discrete element method) capable of reproducing the mechanical behaviour of civil engineering structures on a scale of 1. In support of this application-oriented research, it is important to highlight the emergence of more upstream research themes such as experimental and digital micromechanical approaches. One of the strong points of the research work carried out in the laboratory is the almost systematic comparison of numerical results with tests generally carried out at different scales in the laboratory. This experiment-model dialogue, which is tending to become more widespread in research laboratories, is fundamentally rooted in the culture of the laboratory.
Laboratoire Univers et Théories (LUTH)
The Laboratoire Univers et Théories (LUTH) is a joint research unit of the CNRS, the Observatoire de Paris – Paris Sciences Lettres, and the Université Paris Diderot. The laboratory has a staff of about 80 people, including 34 statutory permanent researchers. His research activity concerns the theory and advanced modelling of astrophysical systems. LUTH focuses on intensive numerical computation and multidisciplinary research, two aspects of astrophysical research activity that are crucial today to achieving the objectives of this discipline. The research themes in the laboratory are diverse. They range from cosmology to extrasolar planets, including the study of black holes and compact objects, high-energy phenomena, hydrodynamics and plasmas present in astrophysical objects.
Météo-France is the national meteorological and climatological service. Its primary mission is to ensure the meteorological safety of people and property. This includes the development of a meteorological vigilance map showing dangerous phenomena, their consequences and the precautions to be taken to protect oneself. Météo-France’s basic missions include: – the development and maintenance of an observation network – the collection and processing of climatological data – weather forecasting – the preparation of climate projections – research in the fields of meteorology and climate – Météo-France serves three main types of customers: – government services (personal and property security) and defence – the aeronautics sector – professionals in various economic sectors (energy, local authorities, construction, etc.).
As an international reference service, Météo-France plays a significant role within the main meteorological cooperation bodies: the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMMT), Eumetsat, the operator of European meteorological satellites, and Eumetnet, an administrative public institution (EPA) since 1993, Météo-France is currently under the supervision of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and the Sea.
Météo-France and many foreign meteorological services, the processes of the atmosphere, the ocean, continental surfaces and the cryosphere, climate change, innovative observation techniques. It contributes to the maintenance of research infrastructures used by the entire scientific community. For more information see http://www.cnrm.meteo.fr
Museum national d’Histoire naturelle – Département Histoire de la Terre
The purpose of the Earth History Department of the National Museum of Natural History is to study the history of life in relation to its physical framework, which is the Earth. It traces the evolution of the integrated biosphere in the context of the origin, formation and evolution of the planet. It covers the following topics: (a) origin and formation of the Earth (and terrestrial planets); (b) structuring of the Planet and mode of formation of the first continents; (c) history of life and interactions with environmental changes. These research themes are sometimes based on the collections of the MNHN. On the other hand, other systematic studies are directly linked to the collections and lead to the knowledge of the objects themselves (training, family ties). They have a role in the inventory of geodiversity and palaeobiodiversity. More generally, the Department must contribute to the dissemination of scientific knowledge. The origin of the Earth and Life and the evolution of Life on Earth are in high demand by society. Issues such as the origin of the solar system, climate variations, the extinction of dinosaurs or the origin of man are highly mediatized and highly recurrent topics. The Museum must be able to respond to this demand and provide scientifically irreproachable information that is accessible to the general public.
UMR 7179 « Mécanismes Adaptatifs et Évolution »
The Joint Research Unit 7179 “Adaptive Mechanisms and Evolution” (CNRS/MNHN) is headed by Fabienne Aujard assisted by a deputy director, Anick Abourachid, head of the unit’s Paris site, and a deputy director, Pierre-Michel Forget. The UMR consists of three research teams BIOADAPT, ECOTROP and FUNEVOL and several technical platforms. The research of UMR 7179 “Adaptive Mechanisms and Evolution” is part of the biology of integrated systems and involves a functional approach to the adaptation mechanisms of living organisms to environmental constraints. Based on the shape/function/environment relationships of current and fossil species, there is also a search for the origin and evolution of living organisms. Studies on the adaptive capacities and resilience of organizations and communities to environmental change make it possible to identify the mechanisms that contribute to the maintenance of biodiversity, to understand the risks of its vulnerability and, through knowledge of its dynamics, to define strategies for sustainable management. Finally, research is opening up to technological developments (robotics) and applications in the biomedical field (ageing, pathologies) and provides important perspectives for sustainable biodiversity management.
UMR METIS 7619 « Mécanismes Adaptatifs et Évolution »
The METIS Joint Research Unit (Environmental Environments, Transfers and Interactions in Hydrosystems and Soils) was created in January 2014, as a merger of the Sisyphus RMU and a team specialized in organic geochemistry from the BioEMCo RMU, based at the Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris, it also includes researchers, lecturers and technicians from the CNRS and EPHE. Our unit is mainly interested in “Continental Surfaces”, the circulation of water, elements and pollutants in environments that can be highly impacted by humans but which are also a sensitive and essential resource for the development of society.
Université catholique de Louvain
The Earth and Climate Centre (ELIC) of the Earth and Life Institute (ELI) of the Catholic University of Louvain specialises in the study of the Earth and in particular its climate. It currently has 14 professors and 80 researchers. Over the years, he has produced climate studies focusing on the latest ice and interglacial cycles, climate variability and changes during the Holocene (including the last millennium and the abrupt cooling that took place 8200 years ago), interannual climate variability in recent decades and future climate change. Current climate research activities include (1) past climate change, (2) the current state of the Earth system, (3) human-environment interactions and (4) modelling tools.
Unité de Production Hydraulique Alpes
The Alpes Hydraulic Production Unit is in charge of operating and maintaining EDF’s hydroelectric installations (Electricité de France) in the Northern Alps (departments of Haute Savoie, Savoie, Isère, Drôme), i.e. 130 plants and 7500 MW of installed capacity, a third of EDF’s hydroelectric fleet in Metropolitan France.
Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis
The University of Nice – Sophia-Antipolis is a multidisciplinary university within which the Plant Biology Laboratory directed by Professor Jean Rigaud has developed on the Valrose campus in Nice. Having received the support of the CNRS since 1982 and benefiting from the use of a greenhouse and a culture chamber, the laboratory has devoted itself to studying the functioning of the symbiosis Leguminous – Rhizobium using mainly soya and beans (nodular energy, metabolite exchanges between symbiotic partners, role of a plant haemoprotein, leghaemoglobin…). He then turned to alfalfa and the Medicago truncatula model plant for which many molecular tools were available. The laboratory actively participated in the creation, in 2004, of the INRA – CNRS – University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis Joint Research Unit “Biotic Interactions and Plant Health” which saw it merge with the INRA Research Centre in Antibes. This research unit, located in Sophia-Antipolis and now entitled “Sophia Agrobiotech”, studies in particular the biotic interactions of plants, both at the foliar and root level (nematodes, fungi, insects, etc.) and enjoys very good international visibility.
INSERM Unité Inflammation, Chimiokines & Immunopathologie
The INSERM U996 unit entitled: Inflammation, Chemokines&Immunopathology groups together 3 teams whose themes aim to understand inflammatory and/or immune deregulations in different diseases including allergic asthma, papillomavirus infections, lupus erythematosus or in our case inflammatory liver diseases. This unit is attached to the Université Paris-Sud and the campus of the Université Paris-Saclay. This unit belongs to the Laboratory of Excellence in Drug Research and Therapeutic Innovation (Labex-LERMIT). The team also belongs to the University Hospital Department (DHU) of the Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris.
Université de Genève
The University of Geneva was founded in 1559 and has been one of the 100 best universities in the world for many years. The Institute of Environmental Sciences (ISE) is a new inter-faculty entity created in 2009 to address complex environmental issues in a multidisciplinary way. Five faculties of the University are concerned by the ISE, namely Science, Social Sciences, Economics and Management, Law, and Medicine. The main missions of the ISE are research and teaching in the various interconnected branches of environmental sciences. Five priority areas bring together more than a hundred researchers from all walks of life: climate and climate impacts; water sciences; biodiversity; energy and energy efficiency; and sustainable development, urban planning and environmental governance. One of the main strengths of the ISE is the continuous dialogue between fundamental disciplines in order to find solutions to complex problems that cannot be solved by a single discipline. Although the ISE is a relatively young institute, it has managed to make its mark internationally, notably through the coordination of two major European projects under the EU’s 7th Framework Programme and its participation in many other projects under the 7th Framework Programme and the Horizon-2020 programme, and its partnerships with universities such as UCLA, the Université du Québec à Montréal, the University of Sydney, and the National University of Singapore, among others. Benefiting from a privileged location in Geneva, the second headquarters of international organizations after New York, the ISE has ongoing collaborations with UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme), WMO (World Meteorological Organization) and WHO (World Health Organization).
University of Lausanne
The Faculty of Law, Criminal Sciences and Public Administration of the Université de Lausanne has the unique feature of bringing together fields of study and research as varied as law, forensics, criminology and public administration. The Centre for Comparative, European and International Law (CDCEI) is an extension of the teaching of European law, private and public international law, comparative law and German, French and American law. It represents a place of research and documentation for doctoral students, lawyers and any interested person. The Comparativa collection – which includes 80 volumes – reflects the comparative research effort conducted under its auspices. The CDCEI hosts the MAS (LL.M.) in International and European Economic and Commercial Law (MAS in international and European economic and trade law).